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Brief functions of the Prime Minister

Functions and Jurisdiction:

An overview on the functions of the prime minister in accordance with the Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt 2014.

  • The government is the supreme executive and administrative body of the State, and consists of the Prime Minister, his/her deputies , the Ministers, and their deputies. The Prime Minister shall head the government, oversee its work, and direct the performance of its functions.


  • The constitution stipulate that The Prime Minister shall be an Egyptian citizen born to Egyptian parents and neither he/she nor his/her spouse may hold the nationality of any other country, shall enjoy civil and political rights, shall have been drafted into or legally exempted from the military service, and shall be at least thirty five (35) Gregorian years of age at the time of appointment.

Functions of the Government:

1-To collaborate with the President of the Republic in developing the general policy of the State, and to supervise its implementation;

2- To maintain the security of the nation, and to protect the rights of citizens and the interest of the State;

3- To direct, coordinate and follow up on the work of the ministries and their affiliated public bodies and organizations;

4- To prepare draft bills and decrees;

5- To issue administrative decrees in accordance with the law, and to follow up on their implementation;

6- To develop the draft for the general plan of the State;.

7- To prepare the draft annual budget of the State;

8- To conclude loan contracts and to grant the same in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution;.

9- Enforcement of laws.

  • The Prime Minister issues the necessary regulations for the execution of laws, in a manner that shall not involve any disruption of, amendment to, or exemption from their execution, and shall have the right to delegate others in issuing them, unless the law designates who shall issue the required executive regulations.
  • Upon the approval of the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister issues the decrees necessary for the creation and organization of public utilities and services.
  • Upon the approval of the Council of Ministers, the Prime Minister issues the disciplinary regulations.