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Political System

An overview over the polity in the republic

​​The Arab Republic of Egypt is a sovereign, united, indivisible State, where no part may be given up, having a democratic republican system that is based on citizenship and rule of law. The Egyptian people are part of the Arab nation seeking to enhance its integration and unity. Egypt is part of the Islamic world, belongs to the African continent, cherishes its Asian dimension, and contributes to building human civilization. The political performance in Egypt is organized under a presidential republican system, so the actual head of the state is the president of the republic and he also the head of the executive power, abides by the provisions of the Constitution and law in cooperation with the legislative power and the judiciary. The political system is based on principles of democracy and citizenship where all citizens are equal in rights, freedoms and general duties, and it is also based on political and partisan pluralism, peaceful rotation of power, separation and balance of powers, the inevitable correlation between powers and responsibilities, and respect for human rights and freedoms, the political system works on maintaining the national security, defending and protecting the homeland as stated in the Constitution.